muzeum 066

The most important tool for processing grapes and making wine is the press. In order to achieve the maximum amount of juice, the must that will later be wine will have to be definitively extracted from the crushed grapes. This procedure used to have two methods: treading (stomping) or pressing. The old and extensive viniculture of South-East Europe and the Middle East is characterized by a lack of presses; there the method to extract the wine must was treading. The other technology for full extraction is when the juice is extracted from the crushed fruit by pushing, squeezing or twisting forces. Within this technology there exists the extraction of wine must by pressing.

The wine-vat located in the cellar is a particularly fine, intact piece, typical of the Balaton area. It belongs to the group of beam presses with an asymmetrical treading basin and a fixed spindle. Its mounting were bigger originally, but at one point a part of it was cut off (the part hanging out underneath). Based on the year seen on one of the damaged crossbars, that crossbar can be considered as a replacement (1902).

The press was decorated with the following carvings: its maker graved stars, geometric roses, curly hearts, rick-racks and a flower growing out of a pot into its beam and rigs. The press, which is roughly 200 years old, could after some servicing also be used today to extract juice from the grapes.